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Canal Elba-Havel



Récord: 55 km

Tipo: Canales




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Continente: Europa

País: Alemania

Localización: Magdeburgo-Ciudad de Brandenburgo


Estado: Terminado

Descripción:El Canal Elba-Havel (EHK) es un canal federal de 55 kilómetros de longitud, en los estados de Alta Sajonia y Brandenburgo. Pasando el Mittellandkanal, comienza en el kilómetro 325,70 (52 ° 14 '40 "N, 11 ° 44 '44" O) al final de la esclusa Hohenwarthe este del Elba cerca de Magdeburgo y conduce hacia el noreste, luego hacia el este a la Plauer See en Ciudad de Brandenburgo (Brandenburg an der Havel). Termina en el 380,90 kilómetro de la vía fluvial del Bajo Havel [2] (52 ° 24 '2 "N, 12 ° 25' 10" O).

Crea junto con el Canal Rin-Herne, el canal Wesel-Datteln, el Canal de Dortmund-Ems, el Canal Mittelland, el Havel y el Spree y sus canales un enlace vía fluvial continua desde el Rin a través de Berlín hasta el Óder. El EHK es administrado entonces por las vías navegables y envío de la oficina de Brandenburgo de las vías fluviales y envío de la oficina de Magdeburgo, a 326,67 kilometros.–Havel_Canal

In continuation of the Mittellandkanal the Elbe-Havel Canal exists as the same connection with the Havel in Brandenburg. It therefore combines the Mittellandkanal, and thus the industrial region of the Ruhr, the channel systems of Brandenburg and thus Berlin.

The Elbe-Havel Canal starts at lock Hohenwarthe at kilometer 325.6 of the Mittellandkanal, the chainage of MLK continues here. At kilometer 379.0 of the Elbe-Havel Canal opens in Plaue in Plau and thus in the lower Havel. Most of the 54km canal runs in Saxony-Anhalt.

The course of the Elbe-Havel Canal.

The Elbe-Havel Canal (EHK) runs on three water attitudes that are overcome with two locks. A lock is located at Zerben and the other shortly before Havel estuary in Wusterwitz in Brandenburg. In addition, two connecting channels exist for same, which are each provided with a lock. On the one hand there is the Niegripper connection channel with the lock Niegripp and the slightly longer Parayer connection channel with the lock Parey. On transition to the Mittellandkanal a vertical drop of almost 29 m is bridged with the lock Hohenwarthe well.

The Elbe-Havel Canal is far older than his brother, the Mittellandkanal. First sections of the channel have been created from 1743. However, under this name, the channel is known only since the twenties, then it is caused by the expansion of the channel and the Plauer Ihlekanals. 1743 began the history of the canal with the 10-year construction of the Plauer channel. For this, a 15 km long and piercing to the rivers Stremme and Ihle was made in Plaue from the lower Havel. Both rivers were also expanded vessel traffic. About an oxbow lake of the same in Parey and a short 5km long puncture the connection to the Elbe was made. More than 100 years later, in 1865-72 between the Ihlekanal was built. He started on the Plauer Canal at Seedorf and led up to the castle, where he was then north of Niegripp connected to the same.

In 1912 the capacity of the waterway was exhausted, improvements were urgently needed. By the outbreak of World War 1, the conversion to 1920. Delayed This year was planned to connect Nordeutschland with a channel in an east-west direction. For this purpose the existing Elbe-Havel Canal was to serve as a basis. Therefore, various changes were made in Parey an abbreviation of the old Ihlekanal been created for same branch duct. Since Hohenwarthe the same should be crossed by a canal bridge, the Elbe-Havel Canal south of Niegripp continued. With the opening of the sluice Niegripp 1937 new connection to the same could be driven. For the already under construction lock to connect to the 1938 opened Mittellandkanal as the construction of the canal bridge in 1942 set. On the completion of the connection you had to wait until 2003.

Since the channel is largely no longer adequately dimensioned because of his age for a modern ship traffic, he German unit no. 17 will be expanded since 2000 as part of the transport project. For this purpose increases the headroom of bridges (18 bridges need to be rebuilt), the floodgates Zerben and Wusterwitz each equipped with a second and larger lock chamber and deepened and widened the canal route. New Standard for the Elbe-Havel Canal is a width of 55 m and a deepening of the sole to 4 m.


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Inserción: 2015-07-08 18:01:53


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