The castle of Berzé or fortress of Berzé le Châtel is a medieval castle of the Xth century, XIIIth century, XVth century and XIXth century of Berzé-le-Châtel in Saône-et-Loire in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. It is one of the most important and best preserved castles of Burgundy castles, and has been listed as a historical monument since February 10, 1983.
In 991, at the end of the Carolingian Empire and the Kingdom of Burgundy, and at the beginning of the feudalism and the foundation of the Kingdom of France, Duchy of Burgundy, County of Macon and Abbey of Cluny, a castrum is attested on the the location of this fortress, at the top of a rocky spur military strategically Middle Ages, facing the Roche Solutré. It dominates in a panoramic way, the valley of Petite-Grosne, and the vineyard of Mâconnais of the vineyard of Burgundy, in the south of the duchy of Burgundy and controls inter alia the road between the county of Mâcon, and the Morvan of the county of Nevers, and the border of Lyonnais (province) ...
Among other things, it is responsible for defending militarily devastating Viking and Saracen invasions, the Kingdom of Burgundy of the Carolingian Empire, then the Kingdom of France, and the neighboring Cluny Abbey, seat of the Order of Cluny of the Papal States, which reigns with the neighboring Cistercian Order, all over the Christian West.