Monument to the Heroes of Khasan
Record: 10 m
The monument is dedicated to the events of July-August 1938 at Lake Khasan. On July 29, 1938, Japanese troops invaded Soviet territory near Lake Khasan (130 km south-west of Vladivostok) and unleashed a major military conflict, which had been prepared in advance by the Japanese general headquarters with the approval of the emperor of Japan. The purpose of this aggression was to capture the dominant heights in the specified area and to tear them away from the territory of the USSR together with the adjacent lands of the Soviet Primorsky.
But during the two-week battles, the Japanese militarists were driven back to the adjacent territory. During this time, Japanese troops lost more than 650 people killed and more than 2500 people wounded.
The losses of the Soviet troops amounted to 1,112 people killed, dead from injuries and illness, missing, dead in accidents and 3,279 wounded.
The monument to the Heroes of Khasan is a monument of federal significance, the authors are sculptor A.Fayndysh-Krandievsky, architects M.O. Bariz and A.Ya.Kolpin, located on top of the hill Krestovaya n. Kraskino. Height 17 meters. On a concrete pedestal there is a bronze figure of a standard-bearer raising the banner with both hands. On the front wall of the pedestal is the inscription "To the Heroes of Khasan." Bronze figure cast in Leningrad - weight about 40 tons.
By order of the commander of the 5th army, a special construction squad was set up, equipped with equipment and necessary material. Actively transferred money to build a monument to residents of the area. Its construction was carried out at a rapid pace from May to August 1968. Originally, the monument was planned to be installed at Lake Khasan on the hill of Zaozernaya. Because of the confrontation with China, it was decided to establish it in Kraskino. From the area of Lake. Khasan brought him to the Krestova mound in the village of Kraskino with two tractors. After making the pedestal for the installation of the sculpture had to deliver a special crane through the port Posiet from Vladivostok.
The opening of the monument took place on August 4, 1968 on the 30th anniversary of the Khasan events. The prototype for the standard-bearer was Ivan Nikonovich Moshlyak, lieutenant of the 118th rifle regiment of the Achinsky 40th rifle division, who hoisted the banner on the top of Zaozernaya hill on 6 August 1938.
The Battle of Lake Khasan (July 29 – August 11, 1938), also known as the Changkufeng Incident (Russian: Хасанские бои, Chinese and Japanese: 張鼓峰事件; Chinese Pinyin: Zhānggǔfēng Shìjiàn; Japanese Romaji: Chōkohō Jiken) in China and Japan, was an attempted military incursion by Manchukuo, a Japanese puppet state, into the territory claimed and controlled by the Soviet Union. This incursion was founded in the belief of the Japanese side, that the Soviet Union misinterpreted the demarcation of the boundary based on the Treaty of Peking between Imperial Russia and Qing China (and subsequent supplementary agreements on demarcation) and that the demarcation markers were tampered with. Japanese forces occupied the disputed area but withdrew after heavy fighting and a diplomatic settlement.