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Otro: Amedi, Amadia

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Tipo: Monumentos




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Continente: América

País: Irak

Localización: Dahuk, en el Kurdistán iraquí.

Año: 1142

Estado: Terminado

Descripción:Amadiya (Amedi o Amadia) es una ciudad de Irak perteneciente a la gobernación de Dahuk, en el Kurdistán iraquí. Está situada a 1400 metros sobre el nivel del mar en la cuenca del Gara (afluente del Gran Zab), a 17 km de la frontera con Turquía. La población es de unos 6000 habitantes.

The history of this city goes back to 3000 years B.C. to the time of ancient Sumeria, since it has always been a strategic place as it is built on the flat top of a mountain. For several centuries, after the expulsion of the caliphs from Baghdad, it was ruled by a pasha, a prince who was from the royal Abbas family, reputed to be one of the richest rulers in the region.[2]

The region in which the city rests is also believed to have been the home of the Magi or priests of Ancient Persia. Amedia is believed to be the home of some of the most significant Magi priests, the Biblical Magi or the "Three Wise Men", who made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem to see Jesus Christ shortly after his birth.[3]

Amadiya was the birthplace of the pseudo-Messiah, David Alroy (fl. 1160). In 1163, according to Joseph ha-Kohen's "'Emeḳ ha-Baka", the Jewish population numbered about a thousand families and traded in gall-nuts. Alroy led a revolt against the city but was apparently defeated and killed in the process. [4] The Spanish Jewish historian R. Schlomo Ibn Verga (1450–1525) portrayed the Jewish community of Amedia at the time of Alroy as wealthy and contented. [5]

Amedi was the seat of the semi-autonomous Badinan Emirate, which lasted from 1376 to 1843. At the turn of the 19th century, the population already numbered 6,000, of whom 2,500 were Kurds, 1,900 Jews and 1,600 Assyrians. There are ruins from the Assyrian era and ruins of a synagogue and a church in the small town. [6]


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Inserción: 2014-10-24 14:23:50


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