Localización: Patna, Capital del Estado de Bihar
Descripción:Patna, la sorprendente capital de Bihar
Por Celia Roca
Si se viaja hasta el estado de Bihar (India), resulta obligado conocer su capital: Patna, situada a orillas del Ganges. Pese a su innegable modernidad, sus orígenes hay que buscarlos hacia el año 600 a.C. Bajo el reinado de las dinastía Maurya (321-185 a.C.) y Gupta (320-540 d.C.), la ciudad, conocida en la antigüedad con el nombre de Pataliputra, llegó a ser una de las más influyentes del continente asiático.
Pese a que Patna ha perdido la relevancia de antaño, aún continúa albergando importantes edificios que despertarán el interés del visitante. Quizás el más representativo sea del Golghar. Erigido en 1786 por el capitán británico John Garstin y concebido como almacén para el grano —aunque jamás llego a utilizarse para tal propósito—, se caracteriza por una espectacular cúpula de 29 m de altura.
Sin embargo, Patna da cabida a otra construcción que sí desempeñó dicha función: el Old Opim Warehouse, un antiguo almacén de opio situado junto a río y perteneciente en la época colonial a la Compañía de las Indias Orientales.
Otra atracción destacable es el Harmandir Sahib (en la foto), lugar que en 1666 fue testigo del nacimiento del llamado décimo gurú, Gobind Singh. Para recordar este acontecimiento, el marajá Ranjit Singh ordenó en el siglo XIX la construcción del actual templo de mármol, que hoy está considerado como uno de los cuatro santuarios sijs más importantes (se puede acceder a él todos los días).
Asimismo, se aconseja acercarse hasta la Khubadksh Library —creada en 1900 y poseedora de una importante colección de manuscritos árabes—, así como a las ruinas de la vieja Pataliputra, en Kumrahar. El museo anejo, abierto de martes a domingo, ofrece la posibilidad de conocer algunos hallazgos pertenecientes al período Maurya.
En lo que atañe a los museos, tampoco conviene olvidarse del Museo Estatal —que atesora diversos objetos y obras de arte pertenecientes a esta etapa histórica, y que puede visitarse de martes a domingo—, y el Museo Jalan (fundado en 1919), en el que se exhibe una ecléctica colección de pintura y artes aplicadas reunida por los antepasados de la familia Jalan. Conviene concertar la visita previamente, llamando al siguiente número de teléfono: (0621) 264 1121.
La antigua ciudad de Pataliputra
Por María José Rubín
Pataliputra es hoy una ciudad en ruinas. Fue absorbida por la moderna localidad de Patna, capital del estado de Bihar. Está situada a orillas del río Ganges, a poca distancia de su confluencia con el Gandak.
Los orígenes de Pataliputra se remontan al siglo V antes de Cristo, y según se sabe fue hogar de Buda. Es por ello que desde siempre ha sido considerada una ciudad sagrada. También ella fue capital, pero del reino de Magadha, además de la sede del tercer gran concilio budista que se llevó a cabo en 341 a.C.
Saqueada en sucesivas ocasiones entre los siglos V y VIII, inició una decadencia que fue salvada temporalmente durante la restauración del siglo XVI, pero ya fuertemente asociada a Patna. Las historias de ambas ciudades se cruzan desde entonces, hasta convertirse en una.
El siglo V a.C., en que fue fundada Pataliputra, fue también el siglo de Buda, y sabemos por él que los monumentos originarios que se construyeron allí eran realmente sorprendente. Fascinado a su llegada por el majestuoso fuerte que estaba siendo edificada en el centro, sobre una alta colina, predijo su futuro esplendor pero también su cruento declive.
Entre los vestigios que han quedado de esa época y de momentos posteriores, destaca el salón de 80 columnas, que hasta hoy asombran tanto a turistas como a expertos y profesionales de la arquitectura.
Del antiguo palacio, quedan algunos muros en ruinas, que pasaron a formar parte de la residencia privada del nawab (gobernante). En nuestros días funciona como un museo en donde se exponen piezas de jade y una importante colección de pinturas chinas.
Un sitio de construcción más reciente pero igualmente recomendable es el Golghar, un granero estatal del año 1786 que cuenta con una extensa escalinata que permite alcanzar la parte superior del edificio. Desde allí se obtienen magníficas vistas de Patna y del río Ganges, y es para los habitantes de la ciudad un lugar de referencia.
Patna City Travel Guide
Patna, Bihar: Patna is the capital city of Bihar situated on the southern bank of the Ganga River. A vital characteristic of the geography of Patna is its convergence of four large rivers in its vicinity in the form of Ghaghara, Gandak, Punpun and Sone. Located at 25°36′40″N 85°08′38″E with an average elevation of 53 meters (174 feet), Patna is also a district headquarters and the second largest city in Eastern India (in terms of population) which has become the largest riverine city in the world.
Recognized as one of the ancient cities of India, the name of Patna city changed with time. There are various theories in existence related to the source of the modern name Patna. Actually, the name has been derived from Patan, a name that came into existence after the Hindu goddess, Patan Devi. It also comes from the term Pattan, which means "port" in Sanskrit because of the fact that the city was situated close to the confluence of four rivers and has been a popular river port. It may even be a concise form of Pataliputra, one of the oldest names of this city.
The Greeks used to call the city as Palibothra. Megasthenes belonging to the period of 350-290 BC, the Greek historian, called it in Greek as Palibothra or Palimbotra. The city appears in the records of the Chinese traveler, Fa Hien, as well in the form of Pa-lin-fou. It has been known by several names during it's over 2,000 years of existence such as Patligram, Patliputra, Kusumpur, Pushpapura, Azimabad, and finally as Patna. This historical city had got its present name during the rule of Sher Shah Suri, whose tomb is located at Sasaram, near Patna.
According to the legend, the origin of Patna is related to a mythological King Putraka who created Patna through the magical powers of his queen Patali, literally translates to "trumpet flower", which gives it its ancient name Pataligrama. It is believed that as a mark of respect to the queen's first-born, the city was named as Pataliputra. 'Gram' is a Sanskrit word, which means village and Putra translates to son.
Patna has been a popular agricultural place of trade since times immemorial. The most rampant export products consist of grain, sugarcane, sesame, and medium-grained Patna rice. There are several sugar mills still prevalent in Patna and around its neighboring regions. It is a crucial business and luxury brand center located in eastern India.
According to 2011 stats, the economic development of Patna has witnessed consistent economic growth. Specifically, the economy has been enhanced greatly with the growth in the Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) industry, the service sector apart from the Green revolution businesses. During the year 2009, the World Bank conferred upon Patna with the status of the second best city in India to set up a business. According to 2010 reports, the per capita income of Patna was recorded as Rs.37737.
Patna is rated as the 21st fastest growing city in the world, and the fifth fastest growing city in India. It is assumed that the city's growth will be at an average annual rate of 3.72%.
The boom in the property market in recent times in Patna has nonplussed one and all. The city would soon be represented commercially with a minimum of 15 big shopping malls in various areas. Moreover, the establishment of over 15 malls is in the pipeline in the next two years.
Hindi is the official language of the state of Bihar. However, several other languages too are spoken. The local dialect is Magadhi or Magahi that derived its name after the Magadha dynasty, which is also the ancient name of Bihar. English is spoken chiefly by Patnaites and other popularly spoken dialects and languages include Angika, Bhojpuri and Maithili.
Though geographically situated in the Magadh region of Bihar, several residents of Patna are natives of one of the four other constituent regions, which are Bhojpur, Mithila, Vajj, and Anga. Intermarriages and traditional mixing of cultures among the people of the five regions has been very normal. Residents are religious and give a lot of respect to family traditions. Large families can be seen predominantly in the region with the government still actively encouraging family planning programs to reduce quick population growth. Extended families often stay together in one home due to economic constraints.
As for the cuisines, Khichdi, which is the broth of rice and lentils, laced with spices and served hot with various supplementary items like curd, chutney, pickles, papads, ghee (clarified butter) and chokha (boiled or mashed potatoes, adorned with finely chopped onions, green chillies) is a popular dish. Lunch mostly contains rice and vegetables. Meanwhile, the dinner comprises of chapattis, flatbread and lentils.
The city of Patna is famous for the dry sweet delicacies of central Bihar having their origins in different towns. For instance, Khaja from Silao, Ladoo from Maner, Kala Jamun from Vikram, Khubi ka Lai from Barh, Kesaria Peda from Gaya, Chena Murki from Koelwar and Poori from Behea. In contrast to Bengali sweets that are soaked in sugary syrup and are wet, the sweets of Bihar are mostly dry.
Patna is one of the earliest major centres of education in East India. Patna University, the first university in Bihar, was set up in 1917 and is the seventh oldest university in South Asia Sub-continent. Patna Medical College, which was set up in 1925 with the name as the Prince of Wales Medical College, was ranked sixth in united India.
Currently, Patna has got its Central University in the form of Central University of Bihar (CUB). The city is even home to Aryabhatt Knowledge University (AKU) to which all the technical and Medical institutes in the state are affiliated.
It also home to one of India's most richly endowed libraries, the Khuda Baksh Oriental Library, which consists of rare manuscripts with a history of several thousand years.
During the past few years, several other academic institutions have opened like the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), the National Institute of Technology (NIT), and the Birla Institute of Technology & Science (BITS), National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT), Chanakya National Law University (CNLU) and medical schools such as the Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (IGIMS).
After India attained independence, schools for young pupils are chiefly based on the kindergarten form of education. Primary and secondary education in Patna is provided by several schools that are affiliated to one of the boards of education like the Bihar Board, ICSE, CBSE, and NIOS. Schools in Patna are either state run or are private (both aided and un-aided by the government).
There are many cricket grounds established across the city such as the Moin-ul-Haq Stadium, which is second biggest in eastern India next only to 'Eden Gardens' of Kolkata. The stadium consists of a swimming pool and a cricket academy. It had represented as venue for two one-day international cricket matches and several national sports meets.
Patna Golf Club consists of 165 acres (67 ha) course. Meanwhile, Patna Indoor Stadium, which is also called as Rainbow Field, is an indoor and outdoor sporting complex and will be renamed after Abhinav Bindra, the lone Olympic gold medalist from India.
Nalanda (61.76 km), Muzaffarpur (64.06 km), Begusarai (104.04 km) are the nearest big towns to Patna.
Patna is the capital city of Bihar located at the southern bank of the river Ganga, Patna is the largest town of the state. The history of this city stretches beyond 2500 years back. The ancient name of this city was Pataliputra which remained as the capital of Magadha under multiple dynasties for about thousand years. There are other four rivers that join the Ganges in Patna. These are Ghaghara, Gandak, Punpun and Sone. Patna has one of the world’s longest bridges in the world, the Mahatma Gandhi Setu on the River Ganga.The history of Patna can be traced back to 493 BC, when a king of the Magadha empire, Ajathashatru, fortified the then called Pataligrama. His son, Udayi continued the dynasty and developed the village into a town and thus, Pataliputra was formed.Later, Pataliputra was ruled by many dynasties, the most important of which is the Mauryan empire, under which was developed. It was also the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Gupta, Mauryan, Pala, Sunga and Suri dynasties.Later, Pataliputra was ruled by many dynasties, the most important of which is the Mauryan empire, under which was developed. It was also the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Gupta, Mauryan, Pala, Sunga and Suri dynasties.Patna is known for its Buddhist remains and is also a sacred place for the Sikh Community, since many of the Sikh Gurus were born here.
List Of Popular Tourist Museum/Sangrahalaya in Patna Address Details
By admin | December 1, 2015
Patna is a historical place of India. Here lots of tourist place where you can go with your family,lovers and enjoy your holiday. Today i am going to share list of museums (Sangrahalaya) of Patna Bihar. In Patna around 10 museum available but here i am going to write about popular tourist Patna’s museums. Patna museum is oldest museum of Patna. Here you can see too much unique items. Here you can see Mughal,Rajputs architectures.
Patna museum is also known as Jadu Ghar. About other museums of Patna is given below in brief.
List of Popular Museums of Patna Capital of Bihar Full Address, Ticket Rate, Opening Timing, How to Go Details :-
1. Patna Museum –
It is oldest Museum of Bihar. Patna Museum was established in 1917 during British time. Here you can see different types of old coins,paintings,Kamasurta Statues,Old weapons/instruments and some interesting things. You should go in Patna museum to see old culture of India with your family and friends.
Ticket Rate – Around Rs 30/-
Opening TIming – From 10:00 am to 04:30 pm.
How to Go at patna Museum – Patna Museum is situated at Buddha Marg near BSEB head office. You can go here by auto from Patna Gandhi maidan or from Patna Junction.
2. Gandhi Sangrahalaya Patna –
It is situated near Gandhi Maidan on the way of Golghar. In this museum you can see all things related to Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi Sangrahalaya was established in 1967. In gandhi Museum you can enjoy Gandhi Ji life status and all memories during Independence struggle of India. You can see here all old used items by Gandhi ji like Gandhi ji’s Charkha,Chashma,books,plate etc.
Address – North-West Gandhi Maidan,Ashok Rajpath Patna Bihar
Ticket Rate/Entry Fee – Free of Cost.
3. Sri Krishna Science Center Patna :-
It is scientific museum of Patna,here you can see the magic of science. You can see invention of science in Shri Krishna Science museum. It is good place to go with college/school friends. In this center you will learn lots of new things. It was established in 1978. It is located at south west corner of gandhi Maidan near Vishkoman Bhawan. Here fun science gallery,mirror & image gallery,3D show,Ocean,Jurassic park etc is main attraction of Shri Krishna science center.
South West Corner of Gandhi Maidan
Near Viskoman Bhawan
Entry – Paid
4. Folk Art Museum Patna –
Folk art museum is situated in Chajju Bagh near Bhartiya Nritya Kala Mandir. Here you can enjoy your holiday with friends,family member and lovers too. You can see here old historical items,dead body of animals (which is preserved by chemicals),arts related things and much more. Folk art museum was established in 1963.
Frazor road Chajju bagh Near Nritya kala Mandir
Opening Timing – 09:00 am to 05:00 pm.
Entry – Paid
5. Bihar Museum Patna –
Bihar Museum is newest museum of Patna. This Sangrahalaya was established in August 2015. Here you can enjoy Mahatma Buddh,Mahavir,Chander gupt Maurya Life. It is situated at Jawahar Lal Nehru marg of Bailey road.Bihar museum spread over 13.5 acres area. This museum was inaugurated by Bihar CM Mr. Nitish Kumar on 08th Aug 2015. It one of best museum of Bihar. If you are going in patna must see this.
Address – Jawahar Lal Nehru Marg,Bailey Road Patna.
Other Museums of Patna –
6. Jana-Nayak Karpoori Tahkur Smriti Sangrahalay
7. Suraj Narayan Singh Museum
8. Bihar Police Museum
9. Rajendra Smriti Sangrahalaya
10. Jalan Museum (Private)
I hope you all visitors will like these collections of Museum of Patna Bihar. You can write your reviews about Patna Museums in comment box, I would be happy to see your comments. You can also write about best Museum of Patna for other visitors.
Famous Temples in Patna Patan Devi/Patna Sahib Religious Places in Patna
By admin | June 15, 2015
Patna is the Capital of Indian State Bihar. Patna is growing very fast these Days. The City has saw so many positive changes in last few years. Patna is the main educational, industrial and political [point of Bihar. Not only these days but Patna’s culture was very rich in ancient also. One of the most Famous Kings Like Ashoka , Kalinga and other has been a part of Patna’s Glory. Patna was known as Patliputra That Time. So this Article is dedicated to that historical place of India and Capital of Bihar Patna. In this article i am going to share some of the best Religious Places in Patna or Temples in Patna to Visit with Family. Maa Patan Devi Temple, Gurudwara shri Bal Lila, Gurudwara Patna sahib , Shitala Mata Mandir are one of the most scared Temples in Patna.I hope these best tourist destinations in Patna will help you while visiting Patna.
Famous Religious Places in Patna Temple Gurudwaras in Patna
Patan Devi Mandir, Patna
How to Reach Patan Devi Mandir, Patna:- Shri Patan Devi Mandir is located at Gaay Ghat Patna. So you reach Guy Ghat by Bus or Auto than Patan Devi Mandir is on 5 Min Walking Distance.
Patan Devi Temple is one of Shakti Peeth from 52 Shakti Peeth of Maa sati. This temple has its own values among Hindus. So visit once to get blessed.
Gurudwara Shri Patna sahib, Patna
How to reach Takhat Shri Harmandir Sahib Patna:- Takhat Shri Harmandir Sahib which is also known as Gurudwara Patna Sahib is located at Patna City. You can Board at Patna Sahib Railway Station and than take rikshwa to reach Gurudawara Patna Sahib. Ot You can Take Auto from Any Where in Patna and ask him to drop you at Patna City Chowk.
Harmandir Sahib Gurudwara Patna, is the Birth Place of The Ninth Sikh Guru Goving Singh Ji and it is one one of the five Takhat of Sikhs.
Mahavir Mandir, Patna
How to Reach Mahavir Mandir Patna:- Mahabir Mandir is out side of Patna Central Station. SO you can take rikshwa or Auto to reach Patna Railway Station and visit Hanuman Mandir.
Mahavir Mandir Patna is one of those temple which sees a high number of footfall every day specially on Tuesday. They serves special type of Laddu Called Naivaidam in Prasad.
Gurudawara Shri Bal Leela, Patna
How to Reach Gurudwara Shri Bal Leela Patna:-You can reach Patna Sahib Railway station than you can take Taxi or Auto Rikshwa to reach Gurudwara shri Baal Leela.
There was a very Kind king in Patna but does not having any child. Than Child Guru Govind Singh came to that king’s wife and said that he is her son. That is why this gurudwara is known as Baal Leela.
Maa Shitala Temple, Patna
How to reach Shitla Devi Temple, Patna:- Shitla Mata Mandir is located at Agam Kuan patna. SO you can Take Auto or Texi to reach Agam Kuan than you will have to walk for 1 min to reach Maa Shjitla Mandir Agam Kuan, Patna.
Shitla Mata Mandir is one of the most visited temples in Patna. People belief that each and every wish will comes true at this temple. It has a main Temple of Maa Shitla and than many small temples of other Hindu God and Goddess. The very Famous Agam Kuan “Samrat Akbar ka Kuan” is located in the Temple.
Patna, ciudad del noreste de la India a orillas del río Ganges poco antes de su confluencia con el Gandak. Patna es capital del pradesh o estado federal hindú de Bihār, en su conurbación se encuentran las ruinas de Pataliputra.
Patna se ubica en el centro de una importante cuenca cerealera lo cual ha determinado su importancia económica, política, histórica y cultural.
Sus coordenadas son: 25°36′58″N 85°08′59″E.
Se encuentra a una altitud de 53 msnm.
Actualmente (2006) su área ocupa un perímetro de aproximadamente 15 km × 6,5 km.
Antes del siglo XVI la historia de Patna es la misma que la de su predecesora, la célebre Pataliputra; es en el siglo indicado —durante el Gran Mogol— que el centro urbano se translada a su actual ubicación y surge la actual Patna con el nuevo nombre como sede capital del virreinato de Bihār siendo ya entonces una activa ciudad comercial. En 1763 los ingleses, tras una breve pero reñida contienda con el nawab de Bengala se adueñaron de Patna, la cual bajo el régimen colonial del Reino Unido fue declarada capital del Bihār y la provincia de Orissa; en 1935 Patna pasó a ser capital del Bihār, estatus que ha mantenido desde la independencia de la India en 1947.
Web recomendada: http://patnanagarnigam.in/
Inserción: 2016-05-29 16:40:08
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