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Canal de Leeds y Liverpool



Récord: 204 km

Tipo: Canales




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Continente: Europa

País: Reino Unido

Localización: Une Leeds y Liverpool

Año: 1816

Estado: Terminado

Descripción:El Canal de Leeds y Liverpool es un canal en el norte de Inglaterra, que une las ciudades de Leeds y Liverpool. Sobre una distancia de 127 millas (204 km), atraviesa los Peninos, e incluye 91 esclusas en el canal principal. Tiene varios ramales pequeños, y en el siglo 21 un nuevo enlace se construyó en el sistema de muelles de Liverpool.


Canal entre el Leeds y Liverpool

Es un canal situado en el norte de Inglaterra y que une las ciudades de Leeds y Liverpool como su propio nombre indica. Tiene una longitud de 204 km y atraviesa los Peninos.

Su construcción se alargó 40 años y se fabricó con la idea que se pudiese transportar carbón entre ambas ciudades. Sin embargo,sufrió bastantes daños durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

Tiene pequeñas ramificaciones y presenta 91 esclusas.


Leeds & Liverpool Canal

The Leeds & Liverpool Canal runs from the Aire & Calder Navigation in Leeds to the river Mersey in Liverpool via Stanley Dock and the Liverpool Link. The Canal is 127 miles (204km) long and has 91 locks on the main line.

There are five branches:

Rufford Branch - 7.25 miles (11.7 km) and 8 locks - runs to the River Douglas Navigation.

Leigh Branch - 7.5 miles (12.1 km) and 2 locks - runs to the Leigh Branch of the Bridgewater Canal.

Springs Branch - 0.5 miles (0.8 km) - in Skipton

Stanley Docks Branch - 0.3 miles (0.5 km) and 4 locks - runs to the river Mersey via the Liverpool Link.

Walton Summit Branch - now closed and filled in - near Wheelton.

The maximum boat size that can use the Canal is:

length - 62' 0" (18.9 metres) - Lock 4 (Leeds)

beam - 14' 3" (4.34 metres) - Lock 1 (Leeds)

height - 7' 9" (2.38 metres) - Foulridge Tunnel

draught - 3' 9" (1.14 metres) - cill of Lock 73 (Wigan Flight)

Numerous locks and swing bridges require a handcuff-key.

Passages into the Liverpool Link and Ribble Link should be booked with Canal & River Trust.

A Sanitary Station key is required for padlocks at either end of the Rufford Branch.

Bridge 7 (Plank Lane) is operated by a bridge-keeper (restricted hours).

A Sanitary Station key is required for Bridge 43 (Finch Mill Swing Bridge, near Appley Bridge).

A Sanitary Station key is required for bridges 177, 182A and 187 (between Skipton and Silsden).

A Sanitary Station key is required for bridges 197, 197A and 198A (near Riddlesden).

Bingley 3-rise and 5-rise locks are operated by a lockkeeper (restricted hours - to be booked in winter).

Bridge 200 is operated by the Bingley Locks lockkeeper only (restricted hours).

A Sanitary Station key is required for bridges 209 (Shipley) and 214 (Apperley Bridge)

Passage of locks 2 to 13 requires a Sanitary Station key and a handcuff key, and are usually assisted by Canal & River Trust staff. Hours of operation are restricted and need to be booked with Canal & River Trust in the winter.

A Sanitary Station key is required to operate lock 1 (River Lock in Leeds)


Leeds and Liverpool Canal

The Leeds and Liverpool Canal from Leeds to Barnoldswick

Researched and written by Jeannette Briggs

The Leeds and Liverpool Canal was originally built to enable the transport ofheavy goods over the Pennines from the industrial heartlands of West Yorkshire to the docks at Liverpool. The canal was constructed with wide locks so that it was capable of taking huge barges throughout its whole length. It is one of the the longest canals in the country in terms of overall mileage, and its route passes over the highest chain of mountains in England (the Pennines), so its construction was a tremendous feat of engineering for the time.

The canal company that built it made profits for many years, although the shortage of water supply for the summit pound over the Pennines was always a problem. Despite the fact that the canal company built huge reservoirs there were several summers when because of a water shortage the canal had to be closed to traffic. By the 1960ies commercial traffic on the canal had ceased. Nowadays the canal is used by those taking a canal boat holiday. It is appreciated not only for its beauty in tranquil settings as it passes high over the moorland but also for the industrial architecture along other lengths through such cities as Leeds, and towns like Shipley, Saltaire and Bingley. This latter town is particularly famous in canal boat circles as being the location for the extraordinary construction known as the "Bingley Five Rise" - a unique set of staircase locks, which were totally revolutionary at the time they were devised (more of these later). This will be a memorable part of a canal boat hire or canal boat holiday.

The Leeds and Liverpool canal starts in the city of Leeds, a huge industrial centre and once the heart of the textile and clothing industry. The canal leaves the Aire and Calder Canal at River Lock in the centre of the city by the railway station. British Waterways Board advise that - as in all big cities - care must be exercised when mooring your boat in Leeds, but that a good place to moor is between River and Office Locks. Once you leave River Lock thenext lock is in fact Office Lock, and the surrounding area is being redeveloped in the style of Brindley Place in Birmingham.

The route of the canal follows the River Aire until Kirkstall Abbey which is visible from the canal. This was a beautiful Cistercian Abbey founded in the 12 century, and was yet again one of those which were despoiled by King Henry VIIIin Tudor times. There is enough left of the ruins of the abbey to give you the impression of the great size and beauty of the original building.



http://www.canalscape.net/Liverpool Link/Liverpool Link.htm


Web recomendada: http://www.penninewaterways.co.uk/ll/ll3.htm

Contador: 1394

Inserción: 2016-07-13 19:21:22


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