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Canal de Lancaster



Récord: 67.60 km

Tipo: Canales




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Continente: Europa

País: Reino Unido

Localización: Conecta Preston con Kendal solo navegable hasta Tewitfield Marina

Año: 1826

Estado: Terminado

Descripción:El canal de Lancaster es un canal en el norte de Inglaterra, planeado originalmente de Westhoughton en Lancashire a Kendal en Cumbria del sur (entonces en Westmorland). La sección alrededor del cruce del río Ribble nunca fue terminada, el extremo meridional era arrendado al canal de Leeds y de Liverpool, del cual ahora se considera generalmente parte.

Del canal al norte de Preston, sólo la sección de Preston a Tewitfield cerca de Carnforth en Lancashire está actualmente abierta a la navegación por 67 kilómetros, con el canal al norte de Tewitfield que ha sido cortado en tres lugares por la construcción de la autopista M6, Y por la carretera A590 cerca de Kendal. La parte sur, desde Johnson Hillock hasta Wigan Top Lock, sigue siendo navegable como parte del Canal de Liverpool y Leeds. La continuación prevista a Westhoughton nunca fue construida.

Lancaster Canal

There are plenty of reasons to visit the Lancaster Canal. The canal was only recently connected to the national waterway network via the Ribble Link in 2002. Spending the majority of its life in isolation, it has developed its own unique character.

Linking Preston to Kendal, the Lancaster Canal is one of the country’s few coastal canals. Built along the natural lie of the land it offers 41 miles of lock free cruising - the longest stretch in the country. As the canal is naturally level, it also lends itself to gentle walking and cycling as well as canoeing and other outdoor pursuits.

In addition to providing spectacular views of the Silverdale Coast, Forest of Bowland and Wyre countryside, the Lancaster Canal also features some of the most impressive canal architecture in the country. The Lune Aqueduct, which has recently benefited from a £2.4 million transformation, is one of John Rennie’s finest works and not to be missed.

The Lancaster Canal runs for 42 lock free miles through pleasant pasturelands, overlooked for most of the way by the foothills of the Pennines, from which hang gliders often soar. Just north of Lancaster the sea shore is only a few hundred yards to the west and you can see the sands of Morecambe Bay and across to the magnificent mountains of the Lake District, well worth a visit.

There is a short branch to Glasson Docks, which has six locks. A round trip from Preston to Lancaster is easily possible in a week. Lancaster is an interesting old County Town, with a castle and other old buildings. Preston and Lancaster have good railway and road links to Scotland and the South of England.

The Lancaster Canal was built early in the canal age but with no connection between the northern section from Preston to Lancaster and the southern section from Wigan to near Chorley.

The problem was the Ribble valley. The canal was never profitable enough for the considerable engineering works, either locks or aqueduct, which would have been needed to cross the deep valley. The southern section became part of the busy Leeds & Liverpool Canal but the isolated northern section became a backwater. The canal was engineered by John Rennie, and the bridges and aqueducts are built on his usual massive classical scale.

The northern terminus at Kendal can no longer be reached, the canal was culveted when the M6 motorway was built across it in the 1960's. However plans are afoot for full restoration of the 'Northern Reaches' of the canal to Kendal.

The canal lost its isolation from the rest of the system when the Ribble Link was opened in 2002, though this involves tidal river cruising to link with the Leeds & Liverpool Canal Tarleton branch.

The Lancaster Canal was built from old Ashton Basin in Preston to Canal Head in Kendal, a distance of 57.0 miles (91.8 km) with 8 locks. At present the nothern reaches of the Canal (Tewitfield to Kendal - 14.6 miles - 23.4km - 8 locks) are derelict with restoration proposed, and a short section of the canal in Preston is also derelict. There is a branch to Glasson - 2.9 miles - 4.4km - 6 locks plus a tidal sea lock, and the Ribble Link joins the main line 1.5 miles (2.4km) out of Preston.

The maximum size of boat that can navigate the Lancaster Canal is

length: 77' 11" (23.75 metres) - Lock 2 Glasson Branch (no structural length restrictions on the navigable main line). Tewitfield Locks (under restoration) are 72' 0" (21.9 metres) long.

beam: 16' 0" (4.88 metres) - Bridge 79 (Cockerham Road Bridge)

height: 8' 2" (2.50 metres) - bridge at Lock 2 Glasson Branch

draught: 4' 6" (1.37 metres) - cill at Lock 2 Glasson Branch

The Sea Lock at Glasson is operated by Lancaster Ports Commission.


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Inserción: 2016-11-09 20:30:49


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