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Canal de Birmingham y Fazeley



Récord: 24 km

Tipo: Canales




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Continente: Europa

País: Reino Unido

Localización: Birmingham-Fazeley

Año: 1789

Estado: Terminado

Descripción:El Canal de Birmingham y Fazeley es un canal del Birmingham Canal navegaciones en las West Midlands de Inglaterra. Su objetivo era proporcionar un vínculo entre el Canal de Coventry y Birmingham y por lo tanto conectar Birmingham a Londres a través del canal de Oxford.


The Birmingham and Fazeley Canal from Farmer's Bridge Birmingham to Fazeley Junction Near Tamworth

Written and researched by Jeannette Briggs

This canal is a relatively short but very useful "linking" canal, that enables boaters to reach the centre of Birmingham, and to travel northwards via the Coventry Canal at Fazeley Junction just south of the town of Tamworth, and then to join the great Trent and Mersey Canal at

Fradley Junction.

I should say at the outset that the canal is quite short in length, not an especially "pretty" so not really a canal boat holidays destination but worth taking your canal boat all the same with some pleasant sections for you to enjoy. The canal starts at Cambrian Wharf in the centre of Birmingham, and almost immediately you commence the long descent of the Farmers' Bridge flight of locks as you travel north east towards Aston Junction. This is an exhausting exercise which will leave you not a lot of time to admire your surroundings. You cannot fail to notice the BT Tower, however, as it looms above you and you can see it all along this stretch of the canal.

As you can see from these photos, Birmingham is slowly waking up to the fact that its network of canals is a huge environmental asset, and improvements and redevlopments are happening all the time to the properties and buildings on either side of stretches of the canals. This is in no small way thanks to the tireless work of the Birmingham Canal Navigation society, which has campaigned continuously for the regeneration of the Birmingham canals.


The Birmingham & Fazeley Canal

Until recently, the Birmingham and Fazeley Canal was a ‘private’ industrial world behind high walls with three long flights of locks (Farmer’s Bridge, Aston and Curdworth) coping with a steep descent from Gas Street Basin at the end of the Birmingham Canal to the Coventry Canal at Fazeley. Now it provides a surprisingly rural cruising link from the centre of busy Birmingham to the east, to the Coventry Canal, and the Trent and Mersey canal, and opening up a number of interesting circular cruising rings.

This canal was the first of Birmingham’s regeneration schemes (1984). Farmer’s Bridge Locks were cleaned up, lit and landscaped. Towpath accesses were created through the walls. Resurfaced towpaths now attract families on weekend strolls and relaxing workers on weekday lunchtimes.

The Birmingham and Fazeley Canal Company made waterways history. Even before they started to seek approval for their scheme to build a canal to Fazeley they gained uncharacteristic cooperation from three other independent companies (1782). Known as the ‘Coleshill Agreement’, incomplete canals were to be finished and some long distance routes established. The Trent and Mersey Co., which had already (1777) linked these two rivers at Fradley, agreed to ‘go halves’ with the Birmingham and Fazeley on financing a missing link from Fradley to Fazeley.


Birmingham and Fazeley Canal

Birmingham and Fazeley Canal History


A canal was proposed which would connect the Wednesbury coal fields just north of Birmingham to the Coventry Canal. The Trent & Mersey, Oxford and Coventry companies fully supported the proposal as the new route would also be used to finally complete an unfinished portion of the Coventry Canal which was preventing a through route from Manchester to London. However, the neighbouring Birmingham Canal company bitterly opposed the scheme as it already had a lucrative coal carrying business in Wednesbury using its own Wednesbury Canal.

The new canal was proposed to run from Wednesbury to Fazeley, the Coventry company agreed to make a connection from the end of its existing line at Atherstone to Fazeley where it would meet the new canal. The new company would then continue its line to a half way point between Fazeley and Fradley where the Trent & Mersey Company would complete the connection to Fradley Junction. This rare multi-canal effort was known as the Coleshill Agreement.


Major battles were fought in Parliament, with the 4 companies involved in the Coleshill Agreement on one side and the nearby Birmingham Canal Company on the other. In the end it was the Birmingham Company who won and it took over the Coleshill Agreement.It proposed a route using the existing Wednesbury and Birmingham canals to the centre of Birmingham and then a brand new canal would continue the route to Fazeley.


Birmingham & Fazeley Canal

The Birmingham & Fazeley Canal links urban and rural landscapes. It begins at Gas Street Basin, in the heart of Birmingham’s shopping and cultural districts, leading out into the green and peaceful Midlands countryside.

In its industrial heyday, the Birmingham & Fazeley Canal was shut away from the city behind high walls. However, in the 1980s, it was reborn as a green haven for locals, with new access points and the towpath resurfaced for walking.

The canal takes you past many central Birmingham landmarks, including the Post Office Tower. The Farmer's Bridge Lock Flight is one of the outstanding sights on Birmingham's canal network. The canal plunges down through dramatically floodlit archways, office undercrofts, and claustrophobic tunnels. It is a truly atmospheric link to the past in the middle of a modern city.

Salford Junction, the waterway interchange in the bowels of Spaghetti Junction, is starkly impressive. At Drayton Bassett, once the home of Sir Robert Peel, there is a curious Gothic footbridge, with little white turrets either side of the canal.


Birmingham & Fazeley Canal

The Birmingham & Fazeley Canal connects the Old Turn at Brindleyplace in the Convention Quarter to the Coventry Canal at Fazeley Junction near Tamworth. The Coventry Canal provides a link to the Trent and Mersey via Fradley Junction and to the Thames via Hawkesbury Junction.

The Birmingham and Fazeley Canal was cut in 1784-89. It is 15 miles long. 8 miles of the canal and 27 of its 38 locks are in Birmingham.

The Birmingham locks are divided into three flights: the Farmers Bridge Flight of 13 in the Jewellery Quarter; the Aston Flight of 11 and the Minworth Flight of 3.

These locks negotiate a difference in altitude of 50.5 metres between the Birmingham Level and the Minworth Level. In order to reach Minworth, the canal must descend 25 metres through the Farmers Bridge Flight, 21 metres through the Aston Flight and 4.5 metres through the Minworth flight.

The Birmingham and Fazeley Canal shares junctions with (1) the Birmingham and Wolverhampton Canal at the Old Turn in the Convention Quarter; (2) the Digbeth Branch Canal at Aston Junction in Eastside and (3) the Tame Valley Canal and the Birmingham & Warwick Junction Canal at Salford Junction.


Birmingham & Fazeley Canal

The Birmingham & Fazeley Canal is 15 miles (24 km) long with 38 locks and connects the Birmingham Canal at Farmers Bridge Junction to the Coventry Canal at Fazeley. The Digbeth Branch runs from Aston Junction for 1 mile (1.6 km) with 6 locks to the Grand Union Canal at Warwick Bar. At Salford Junction the Tame Valley Canal and the Birmingham & Warwick Junction Canal both join. The Birmingham & Fazeley Canal legally continues another 5½ miles beyond Fazeley to Whittington Brook as part of the line of the Coventry Canal.

The maximum size of boat that can navigate the Birmingham & Fazeley Canal is

length: 70' 7" (21.52 metres) - Curdworth Middle Lock

beam: 7' 4" (2.23 metres) - Curdworth Middle Lock

height: 7' 3" (2.22 metres) - Caters Bridge

draught: 4' 7" (1.39 metres) - Curdworth Middle Lock

Handcuff keys are required for many of the locks on the Birmingham & Fazeley Canal.




Web recomendada: http://www.canalroutes.net/Birmingham-and-Fazeley-Canal.html

Contador: 1430

Inserción: 2016-09-07 16:59:27


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