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País: Estados Unidos
Localización: Estado de Nueva Jersey
A melting pot of cultures and people, Jersey City was the first destination for many immigrants entering the U.S. through nearby Ellis Island, which operated from 1892 until 1954 and processed more than 12 million immigrant steamship passengers.
Today, Jersey City still reflects the flavors and influences of the international populations that call the city home.
An urban sophistication exists in the downtown area, from the waterfront landmark Colgate Clock through the Powerhouse Arts District, home to some of the city’s many talented artists.
To sample just a few of the multicultural influences in Jersey City, one must start with the vast array of food options. From Korean, Indian, Filipino and Cuban, bring your appetite! Complete information on restaurants, accommodations and attractions can be found at Destination Jersey City.
Although area is city, there is a surprising amount of green space here. Best known for Liberty State Park, a 1,212-acre oasis in the middle of a major metropolitan area, you can catch ferries to both the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, only 2,000 feet away.
Follow the pedestrian walkway around the vibrant park or kick back and relax on the grass. Pop into the park’s Central Railroad Terminal of New Jersey, and explore the historic depot where many immigrants’ began their New Jersey story. Currently closed, but still valuable moment of history.
Liberty State Park
1 Audrey Zapp Dr., Jersey City, NJ 07305
Liberty State Park is a green oasis in the middle of Metropolitan northern New Jersey. With the Manhattan skyline, the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island as a spectacular backdrop, Liberty State Park is one of the state's most dramatic parks.
A new outdoor performance area and other improvements mark the northern section of the park, while the western portion is dominated by the state-of-the-art Liberty Science Center.
Facilities and activities include visitors center, interpretive center, boating / canoeing on the Hudson River and New York Bay, trailer launch, picnic area, playground, food concession, fishing and crabbing, marina and trails for hiking, biking, nature and fitness trails.
The park also features the historic Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal (CRRNJ), a grand setting for much of New Jersey's transportation history in the northeast, sits prominently at the north end of the park. A two-mile promenade, Liberty Walk links the picnic area, while presenting visitors with a sweeping view of the Hudson River.
The CRRNJ Terminal and Interpretive Center are currely closed due to Sandy Storm related damage.
For information of ferry service to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island via Statue Cruises visit http://www.statuecruises.com or call 877-523-9849.
Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal (CRRNJ)
Liberty State Park
1 Audrey Zapp Dr., Jersey City, NJ 07305
CRRNJ Terminal Building is still closed due to Hurricane Sandy storm damage.
From 1892 through 1954, the CRRNJ Terminal stood with the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island to unfold one of this nation's most dramatic stories: the immigration of northern, southern and eastern Europeans, among others, into the United States.After being greeted by the Statue of Liberty and processed at Ellis Island, these immigrants purchased tickets and boarded trains at the terminal that took them to their new homes throughout the United States. Learn more about the CRRNJ's history, visit the Historic CRRNJ Train Terminal site.Today there is a small museum dedicated to area history, interpretive programs and tours and ferry service to Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty.
Liberty Science Center
222 Jersey City Blvd., Liberty State Park, Jersey City, NJ 07305
Liberty Science Center offers hundreds of exhibitions in 12 galleries and amazing films in the nation's largest IMAX Dome Theater with a screen 88 feet in diameter. Exhibitions include interactive experiences for every age, with amazing concepts never seen before in the museum world plus exciting traveling exhibitions! LSC offers visitors of all ages informal insight into science and technology. The LSC features a distinctive building with exhibitions that show science and technology as they exist, embedded in our lives. It also has the nation's largest IMAX Dome Theater, which fills viewers' peripheral vision, making them feel as though they are traveling to remote, often inaccessible places. Films change on a regular basis, with multiple selections always available. The center also is home to the Joseph D. Williams Science Theater, which shows 3D films.
Statue of Liberty
Ferry from Liberty State Park
1 Audrey Zapp Dr., Jersey City, NJ 07302
Lady Liberty resides in all her glory on Liberty Island, which is open to the public. Visitors will be offered a special insiders' view of the engineering marvels that created the statue. Ferry service to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis island is available from Liberty State Park, Jersey City, via Statue Cruises, http://www.statuecruises.com
Ellis Island & Museum
Ferry from Liberty State Park
1 Audrey Zapp Dr., Jersey City, NJ 07302
Ellis Island has reopened on a limited basis. Due to the nature of the destruction caused by Hurricane Sandy parts of the historic Main Building and museum, including most of the exhibits, remain closed at this time
Experience the nation's Gateway to freedom, with a visit to Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty, two living examples of America's commitment to freedom.
At Ellis Island, visitors can relive the experience of more than 12 million immigrants who passedthrough its doors between 1892 and 1954. Retrace the history of the federal immigration-processing center that opened on Jan. 1, 1892.
After undergoing a massive $162 million restoration, Ellis Island today offers visitors an array of programs including a genealogy workshop, theatrical productions based on actual immigrant accounts, a learning center, a museum and a new family history research facility.
In immediate proximity to Ellis Island is the Statue of Liberty, France's gift to the United States that was designed to commemorate the Centennial of American Independence in July of 1884.
Today, visitors can tour the historic statue and have access to a museum, which offers a complete history of the statue, along with a number of exhibits.
The Gateway Region offers visitors an opportunity to see and experience firsthand two of the nation's premier historic sites that stand today as a living tribute to America's unyielding commitment to freedom and opportunity for all.
Ferry service to Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty is available from Liberty State Park, Jersey City, via Statue Cruises, www.statuecruises.com
Jersey City, NJ: 10 Reasons NYC Food and Culture Hounds Should Cross the Hudson Now
Posted: 12/16/2014 2:14 pm EST
Home to Liberty State Park, the iconic Colgate Clock and some of the most anticipated art and culinary projects in the tri-State area, today's Jersey City has shed its industrial identity and now oozes collaborative vibrancy. New Yorkers especially will find it easy to take the Path train just one or two stops (from Lower Manhattan) to experience inventive food, a one million square foot Kibbutz-like Art Storage/Exhibit/Workspace and that incomparable view. Here are 10 reasons that art and culture connoisseurs should head to Jersey City now. (For more in-depth information about Jersey City and other offbeat escapes in the Northeast, check out GetawayMavens.com).
1. The View. People who live in Manhattan, can't see the skyline through the skyscrapers. Even if you just pop over for an hour or so, the panoramic view of lower Manhattan from a few hundred yards away is up there with the World's Wonders.
2. The Clock. Yes, we all love bright, big neon signs. Especially if they remind us of our simpler, factories-on-the-waterfront times. The Colgate Palmolive clock kept time atop the Colgate Palmolive factory from 1923 until the building was demolished in the '90s. Now, the clock sits on a pier next to ferries and the Hyatt -- a great photo op.
3. The Empty Sky Memorial at Liberty State Park. Two 210-foot long brushed steel rectangular slabs, lying on their sides and inscribed with the names of 749 victims of 9-11 from NJ, represent the fallen World Trade Towers. Look through the monument and you can almost see them -- an optical illusion that places the towers back into the skyline, like phantoms.
4. Mana Contemporary. A brand new concept, championed by two Israeli guys, Moishe Mana and Eugene Lamey, who brought Moishe's Moving to New York, the million square-foot Mana Contemporary (soon to be doubling in space) it is relatively unknown but gaining traction as an art powerhouse. A self-contained networking community for the performing and fine arts, it's basically a terrarium for artists and those who work with them. Armitage Gone! Dance has moved in, ICP (International Center of Photography) is moving their archives here in 2015, and the Richard Meier Architectural Model Museum is on site. Collectors can exhibit their art in huge museum-like galleries, meet artists who work in studios upstairs, and all can use the shipping, crating, storing and framing done in the vast building. The whole kit and caboodle is open to the public for tours during the week and on select Open Studio Sundays. Guided tours, Monday - Friday are free.
5. Landmark Lowes Theater. Called "The most lavish Temple of Entertainment in New Jersey" when it opened in 1929, The Lowes hosted all the preeminent stars of the day. Burns and Allen, Bob Hope, Judy Garland, Cab Calloway, Jean Harlow and more graced its boards before the Landmark Lowes fell on hard times and descended into rats nest shambles. Now in the process of being restored, walk into the lobby, and its opulent beauty will stun you. The theater still houses its original light board and an intricate organ, identical to the one that played during silent films in the '30s. Call for tours.
Liberty State Park
ersey City's leading tourist attraction is the gateway to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island. Liberty State Park is a green oasis, over 1,212 acres in the middle of Jersey City with spectacular views of the Manhattan skyline, the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, making it one of the state's most dramatic parks. Ornithology enthusiasts should pack their binoculars as there are numerous species of birds which frequent the park. Liberty State Park is the perfect place for a family and picnic at one of the playgrounds.
There is always a nice breeze for flying a kite, or you may enjoy the waters by fishing or crabbing, boating or kayaking. Hop on a ferry, year round, to visit the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island, or stop by and participate in one of the Natural or Historical Interpretive programs at the Interpretive Center designed by famed architect Michael Graves. Explore the historic Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal Museum, where nearly two-thirds of the twelve million immigrants who entered this country through Ellis Island boarded trains heading to their new homes in America. Explore the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway which runs from Bayonne (South), past Liberty State Park and the Statue of Liberty all the way (North) into Hoboken and is over 18.5 miles long with phenomenal views of NYC. Rent a bicycle to enjoy it all. Make sure to check out the events calendar to see what's happening in Liberty State Park today.
This summer enjoy all that Liberty State Park has to offer with ease and convenience. Take the Liberty State Park weekend shuttle to see the Statue of Liberty, enjoy outstanding food on the water front, explore the Liberty Science Center and the largest IMAX dome theater in the US, rent a bicycle or test your motor skills at Pole Position Raceway. Best of all its just $1 each way! For more information, visit Getting Around, Buses.
Park Hours: 6am -10pm Daily
Parking $7 all day
Statue of Liberty
District: Liberty State Park
The Statue of Liberty is right on our doorstep! Catch the ferry year round from Liberty State Park and skip the lengthy NYC lines. Did you know that the statue is only 2,000 feet (610 m) from Jersey City & over two miles (3 km) from NYC with virtually no lines on the Jersey City side. You board the ferry just outside the historic Central Railroad Terminal in Liberty State Park, where nearly two-thirds of the twelve million immigrants who entered this country through Ellis Island departed for their new homes.
The Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World was a gift of friendship from the people of France to the people of the United States and is a universal symbol of freedom and democracy. The Statue was dedicated on October 28, 1886, designated as a National Monument in 1924 and restored for her centennial on July 4, 1986.
Ellis Island was the former federal immigration processing station which processed over 12 million third class and steerage immigrants between 1892 and 1954 and was named after the former owner of the island, Samuel Ellis. Ellis Island is located in the upper bay just off the Jersey City coast, within the shadow of the Statue of Liberty.
Statue Cruises ferry to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island leaves from both Jersey City and NYC. The Jersey City ferry leaves from:
1 Audrey Zapp Drive, Jersey City, NJ 07305
NOTE: The Statue of Liberty Interior Will Close for a Year: Interior Secretary Ken Salazar says it needs a $27.25 million renovation for additional safety improvements. The Statue's interior will officially close on October 29, 2011, Liberty Island will remain open during the renovation which are expected to take a year. You can still visit the island, walk around the statue...she will still look as lovely as ever!
Looking for instant gratification...check out the new Statue of Liberty web cam: www.earthcam.com/usa/newyork/statueofliberty
Junior Ranger Program: The on-site program is available to children between 7 and 12 years of age. This family friendly program gives participants an opportunity to learn about one of the world's most famous symbols of freedom. The activities are fun and teach children about the National Park Service, this site and why this National Monument is important to protect and preserve.
The Statue of Liberty was voted by Travel and Leisure as World's #1 Most Popular Landmark for 2012!
Things to do in Liberty State Park:
-Visit the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island
-See the historic Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal (CRRNJ)
- Take your need for speed to the track at Pole Position Raceway. This brand new 80,000 square foot indoor karting facility featuring the fastest electric cars in the US & tracks developed by NASCAR racers.
-Stop by the Liberty Science Center where learning science is both fun and educational
-Dine, and relax on the waterfront.
-Hudson River Waterfront Walkway. The waterfront pathway goes from Bayonne, past Liberty State Park and the Statue of Liberty all the way north into Hoboken and is over 18.5 miles long. Rent a bicycle to enjoy it all.
-Visit the Interpretive Center at Liberty State
-Take a boat tour of NYC and spend a lovely afternoon out on the water.
-Liberty State Park- 4th of July Fireworks extravaganza
-Check the calendar to see what events are happening today in Liberty State Park
Jersey City es una ciudad ubicada en el condado de Hudson en el estado estadounidense de Nueva Jersey. En el año 2010 tenía una población de 247.597 habitantes y una densidad poblacional de 4.526,45 personas por km².1
Jersey City is the second-most populous city in New Jersey, after Newark. It is the seat of Hudson County, as well as the county's largest city. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 247,597.
Part of the New York metropolitan area, Jersey City lies across from Lower Manhattan between the Hudson River and Upper New York Bay and the Hackensack River and Newark Bay. A port of entry, with 11 miles (18 km) of waterfront and significant rail connections, Jersey City is an important transportation terminus and distribution and manufacturing center for the Port of New York and New Jersey. Service industries have played a prominent role in the redevelopment of its waterfront and the creation of one of the nation's largest downtown office markets.
After a peak population of 316,715 measured in the 1930 Census, the city's population saw a half-century long decline to a low of 223,532 in the 1980 Census, but since then the city's population has grown, with the 2010 population reflecting an increase of 7,542 ( 3.1%) from the 240,055 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 11,518 ( 5.0%) from the 228,537 counted in the 1990 Census.
See also: Timeline of Jersey City, New Jersey
Lenape and New Netherland
Main article: Bergen, New Netherland
The land comprising what is now Jersey City was inhabited by the Lenape, a collection of tribes (later called Delaware Indian). In 1609, Henry Hudson, seeking an alternate route to East Asia, anchored his small vessel Halve Maen (English: Half Moon) at Sandy Hook, Harsimus Cove and Weehawken Cove, and elsewhere along what was later named the North River. After spending nine days surveying the area and meeting its inhabitants, he sailed as far north as Albany. By 1621 the Dutch West India Company was organized to manage this new territory and in June 1623, New Netherland became a Dutch province, with headquarters in New Amsterdam. Michael Reyniersz Pauw received a land grant as patroon on the condition that he would establish a settlement of not fewer than fifty persons within four years. He chose the west bank of the North River (Hudson River) and purchased the land from the Lenape. This grant is dated November 22, 1630 and is the earliest known conveyance for what are now Hoboken and Jersey City. Pauw, however was an absentee landlord who neglected to populate the area and was obliged to sell his holdings back to the Company in 1633. That year, a house was built at Communipaw for Jan Evertsen Bout, superintendent of the colony, which had been named Pavonia (the Latinized form of Pauw's name, which means peacock). Shortly after, another house was built at Harsimus Cove and became the home of Cornelius Van Vorst, who had succeeded Bout as superintendent, and whose family would become influential in the development of the city. Relations with the Lenape deteriorated, in part because of the colonialist's mismanagement and misunderstanding of the indigenous people, and led to series of raids and reprisals and the virtual destruction of the settlement on the west bank. During Kieft's War, approximately eighty Lenapes were killed by the Dutch in a massacre at Pavonia on the night of February 25, 1643.
Scattered communities of farmsteads characterized the Dutch settlements at Pavonia: Communipaw, Harsimus, Paulus Hook, Hoebuck, Awiehaken, and other lands "behind Kil van Kull". The first village (located inside a palisaded garrison) established on what is now Bergen Square in 1660, and is considered to be the oldest town in what would become the state of New Jersey.
Among the oldest surviving houses in Jersey City are the Newkirk House (1690), Van Vorst Famhouse (c.1740) and the Van Wagenen House (1742). During the American Revolutionary War the area was in the hands of the British who controlled New York. In the Battle of Paulus Hook Major Light Horse Harry Lee attacked a British fortification on August 19, 1779. After the war Alexander Hamilton and other prominent New Yorkers and New Jerseyeans attempted to develop the area that would become historic downtown Jersey City and laid out the city squares and streets that still characterize the neighborhood, giving them names also seen in Lower Manhattan or after war heroes (Grove, Varick, Mercer, Wayne, Monmouth, and Montgomery among them). During the 19th century, former slaves reached Jersey City on one of the four routes of the Underground Railroad that led to the city.
The City of Jersey was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 28, 1820, from portions of Bergen Township, while the area was still a part of Bergen County. The city was reincorporated on January 23, 1829, and again on February 22, 1838, at which time it became completely independent of North Bergen and was given its present name. On February 22, 1840, it became part of the newly created Hudson County.
Soon after the Civil War, the idea arose of uniting all of the towns of Hudson County east of the Hackensack River into one municipality. A bill was approved by the State legislature on April 2, 1869, with a special election to be held October 5, 1869. An element of the bill provide that only contiguous towns could be consolidated. While a majority of the voters across the county approved the merger, the only municipalities that had approved the consolidation plan and that adjoined Jersey City were Hudson City and Bergen City. The consolidation began on March 17, 1870, taking effect on May 3, 1870. Three years later the present outline of Jersey City was completed when Greenville agreed to merge into the Greater Jersey City.
In the late 1880s three passenger railroad terminals opened in Jersey City next to the Hudson River (Pavonia Terminal, Exchange Place and Communipaw). Tens of millions of immigrants passed through these stations as they made their way westward from Ellis Island into the United States. The railroads transformed the geography of the city by building the Erie Cut as well as several large fright rail yards. The railroads became and would remain the largest employers in Jersey City into and during the early 20th century.
20th and 21st centuries
Jersey City was a dock and manufacturing town for much of the 19th and 20th centuries. Much like New York City, Jersey City has always been a destination for new immigrants to the United States. In its heyday before World War II, German, Irish, and Italian immigrants found work at Colgate, Chloro or Dixon Ticonderoga. In 1908, the first permanent, drinking water disinfection system in the U.S. was installed on the water supply for the City by John L. Leal. The Hudson Tubes opened in 1911, allowing passengers to take the train to Manhattan as an alternative to the extensive ferry system. The Black Tom explosion occurred on July 30, 1916, as an act of sabotage on American ammunition supplies by German agents to prevent the materials from being used by the Allies in World War I.
From 1917 to 1947, Jersey City was governed by Mayor Frank Hague. Originally elected as a reform candidate, the Jersey City History Web Site says his name is "synonymous with the early twentieth century urban American blend of political favoritism and social welfare known as bossism." Hague ran the city with an iron fist while, at the same time, molding governors, United States senators, and judges to his whims. Boss Hague was known to be loud and vulgar, but dressed in a stylish manner earning him the nickname "King Hanky-Panky". In his later years in office, Hague would often dismiss his enemies as "reds" or "commies". Hague lived like a millionaire, despite having an annual salary that never exceeded $8,500. He was able to maintain a fourteen-room duplex apartment in Jersey City, a suite at the Plaza Hotel in Manhattan, and a palatial summer home in Deal, and travel to Europe yearly in the royal suites of the best liners.
After Hague's retirement from politics, a series of mayors including John V. Kenny, Thomas J. Whelan and Thomas F. X. Smith attempted to take control of Hague's organization, usually under the mantle of political reform. None were able to duplicate the level of power held by Hague, but the city and the county remained notorious for political corruption for years. By the 1970s, the city experienced a period of urban decline that saw many of its wealthy residents leave for the suburbs, rising crime, civil unrest, political corruption, and economic hardship. From 1950 to 1980, Jersey City lost 75,000 residents, and from 1975 to 1982, it lost 5,000 jobs, or 9% of its workforce.
Beginning in the 1980s, development of the waterfront in an area previously occupied by rail yards and factories helped to stir the beginnings of a renaissance for Jersey City. The rapid construction of numerous high-rise buildings increased the population and led to the development of the Exchange Place financial district, also known as 'Wall Street West', one of the largest banking centers in the United States. Large financial institutions such as UBS, Goldman Sachs, Chase Bank, Citibank, and Merrill Lynch occupy prominent buildings on the Jersey City waterfront, some of which are among the tallest buildings in New Jersey. Simultaneous to this building boom, the light-rail network was developed. With 18,000,000 square feet (1,700,000 m2) of office space, it has the nation's 12th largest downtown.
In October 2013, City Ordinance 13.097 passed requiring employers with ten or more employees to offer up to five paid sick days a year. The bill impacts all businesses employing workers who work at least 80 hours a calendar year in Jersey City.
Jersey City is the seat of Hudson County, New Jersey, and the second-largest city in New Jersey. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 21.080 square miles (54.596 km2), of which 14.794 square miles (38.316 km2) of it was land and 6.286 square miles (16.281 km2) of it (29.82%) was water. As of the 1990 Census, it had the smallest land area of the 100 most populous cities in America.
Jersey City is bordered to the east by the Hudson River, to the north by Secaucus, North Bergen, Union City and Hoboken, to the west, across the Hackensack, by Kearny and Newark, and to the south by Bayonne. Given their proximity to Manhattan, Jersey City and Hudson County are sometimes referred to as New York City's Sixth Borough.
Jersey City (and most of Hudson County) is located on the peninsula known as Bergen Neck, with a waterfront on the east at the Hudson River and New York Bay and on the west at the Hackensack River and Newark Bay. Its north-south axis corresponds with the ridge of Bergen Hill, the emergence of the Hudson Palisades. The city is the site of some of the earliest European settlements in North America, which grew into each other rather expanding from central point. This growth and the topography greatly influenced the development of the sections of the city and the neighborhoods within them. The city is divided into 6 wards.
Web recomendada: http://www.cityofjerseycity.com/
Inserción: 2015-02-21 19:32:28
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